Today, chairs constitute an essential part of the house décor and a lot of attention is given to the details. However, during the early years of the Jacobean era, chairs were not given so much importance. Chairs were used for sitting at the dining table. They were also used as side chairs.
During the first few years after King James I ascended the throne, the style of making the chairs or even the furniture was heavily influenced by the Elizabethan style. The chairs which resembled the Elizabethan style were known as Wainscot chairs. Oak and Pine were normally used to make furniture. Apart from these, mahogany was also used to make chairs.
Despite drawing the basic idea from the Elizabethan pattern, the Jacobean chairs were made with certain modifications distinct from the earlier centuries. For instance, in the very beginning, the Jacobean chairs had lower backs and the arms and legs of the chairs were joint.
This pattern made the chairs look very similar to stools. Also, the back of the chairs were carved with designs. However, less attention was given to the back and legs of chairs. Turning of legs of chairs was a common phenomenon.
However, with changing time the and needs of people, the appearance of the chairs also underwent changes. As compared to its previous look, the chairs now came to be made with long backs. Although long back provided support to a person's back, the overall set-up of the chair was somewhat uncomfortable to sit on. The arms of the chairs were also removed.
Farthingale chairs were developed towards the later part of the Jacobean period. These chairs were made keeping in the mind the comfort of the women.
A distinct feature of Jacobean chairs was that the seat of the chair was upholstered. This not only increased the height of the chair, but also made it extremely comfortable for person to sit.
The seat had embroidery work to make it look appealing. The material used for making the seats was of fine quality like silk, velvet, tapestries, linen, etc. Different material was used depending upon the type of the chair.