King Edward III Family Tree
Edward III was the son of Edward II and his wife, Isabella of France. His birth took place within Windsor Castle on November 13th, 1312. At only four days old he became the Earl of Chester. He was fourteen years old when his father abdicated and was later murdered at Berkeley Castle. While technically this made the young Edward King, it was his mother and her lover, Roger Mortimer that ruled the country through him as regent.
Edward III's Family: Wife and Children
Edward was married to Phillipa of Hainault, his cousin. She was the granddaughter of King Philip III of France. His mother had begun the negotiations for the marriage in 1326. In the summer of 1327 Phillipa arrived in England. Their marriage took place at York Minster in January 1328. They were a good match and were looked upon as being happy.
Together they had fourteen children. Edward the 'Black Prince' was their eldest son, born in June 1330 when Edward III was just eighteen. He was followed by a daughter in 1332 named Isabella after Edward's mother. Another daughter Joan, named for her other grandmother was born in 1333.
Another son, William arrived in 1337 but lived for only a few months. Their son Lionel, later to become the Duke of Clarence was born in November 1338. He was followed by another son John of Gaunt in 1340, he would later become the Duke of Lancaster. This was soon followed by another son, Edmund in 1341 who would become the Duke of York. In 1343 Phillipa gave birth to a daughter named Blanche who died shortly after. Another daughter Mary arrived in 1346. their last child Thomas was born in 1355.
The Black Death during King Edward III's Rule
It was during the reign of Edward III that the Black Death, otherwise known as the bubonic plague swept through the country as well as through Europe. Around one third of the population of England are thought to have died as a result of the disease. The royal family was not immune to the ravages of the disease either as Edward and Phillipa lost three children to the effects of the plague, Joan, William and Thomas.
Queen Phillipa died in 1369, and Edward who had long been regarded as charismatic and debonair was now a shadow of his former self. He showered his mistress, Alice Perrers with expensive gifts, including some of his late wife's jewels. Edward and Alice, who had been lady in waiting to Queen Phillipa had three children together. All three were declared illegitimate and would have no claim to the throne. These children were Sir John de Southeray, and daughters Jane and Joan.
The Black Prince, Edward III's heir
Edward's heir the 'Black Prince', so called for the colour of his armour died before his father in 1376. Edward himself died in June 1377 and it is recorded that his mistress Alice Perrers stripped all the jewels from his body before it was even cold. The throne was then Taken by Edwards grandson, the eldest son of the 'Black Prince' who was crowned Richard II.